The Presidio offers astounding biological diversity. Since the early 1800s scientists have marveled at the vast variety of plants and animals living here. The park's climate, soils, and water are the basis for the amazing plants and wildlife found in the park. Additionally, despite two centuries of use as a military post, the land at the Golden Gate was not developed as intensively as the surrounding city. As a result, rare plants and wildlife that have disappeared in other parts of the San Francisco Bay Area still thrive here.
The Presidio provides habitat for disappearing neo-tropical migrating birds like Red-Throated Loons and resident wildlife like Pacific chorus frog and gray fox. Additionally, the park's water resources are some of the best natural systems remaining in the city. Lobos Creek Valley, Crissy Field Marsh, Mountain Lake and El Polín Spring are valuable ecosystems.
The Presidio is an oasis of nature where wild open spaces and places shaped by people welcome the community to explore, play, learn, volunteer, and find refuge. In an afternoon hike one can experience the native plant communities of pre-urban San Francisco as well as the grandeur of cypress groves planted by the Army to break the powerful ocean winds. This exceptional diversity is what attracts visitors - from hikers to migratory birds - to the park. We are preserving and enhancing the Presidio's cultural and natural landscapes, and completing restoration projects that add to the park's evolving story.
300-acre forest of eucalyptus, cypress, and pine planted by the Army at the end of the 1800s
Relic natural areas with13 native plant communities and 330 native plant species
Two complete watersheds,
Tennessee Hollow and Lobos Creek Valley
230 species of birds, 30 butterfly species, and 60 bee species
A rich collection of historic gardens and ornamental plantings, including rare 100-year-old hybrids
Four parade grounds, including the Main Parade
El Polin Spring, Presidio Nursery, Thompson Reach, Baker Beach, and more!