The Presidio of San
Francisco was designated a National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) – the
nation’s highest classification of historic significance – in 1962 in
recognition of its association with the Spanish settlement of California. In 1993 the significance of the NHLD was
expanded to recognize the Presidio’s “more than two hundred years of military occupation
[that] have resulted in the development of a complex historic district of several
overlaid historic landscapes” and its status as “one of the longest-garrisoned
posts in the country.”
Today, the 1,491 acre military post turned
national park consists of more than 433 individually significant historic
buildings, and more than 180 historic objects including roadways, cannon,
gates, walls, and other features.
The Presidio is also
home to archaeological deposits dating from the pre-European period to the
1930s, as well as important designed landscapes, and 300 acres of “historic forest” planted by the Army beginning in the 1880s.
Large areas of
designed landscape are also considered historic resources, including the golf
course, San Francisco National Cemetery, Crissy Airfield, and the parade
grounds of Fort Scott and the Main Post. In all, this makes the Presidio
of San Francisco a literal museum of historic military architecture and a rich
tapestry of landscape design unparalleled in the American West.